Although I use the term Indian Vegetables, of course a good number are common throughout the world. There are an increasing number of vegetables appearing in our markets now that were considered specialist 'Indian' food probably only 10 years ago.
This is rather weird actually because India has absorbed a great deal into its cuisine over the centuries some things that we may regard as Indian often have other origins. Chillis for instance originated in the Americas, okra is of West African origin. I excuse the use of the term because a fair large proportion of the Indian population is vegetarian and so vegetables are extremely important to Indian cuisine.
When I visited India I was astonished at the vast array of unidentifiable flora in the markets. It was is if they has just pulled up anything they found growing, gave it an unpronounceable name and put it on the stall. There was a vast variety of gourds and squashes and they seem to eat some things in the strangest ways - who would think of making a pickle from sorrel leaves?
Here is my list of 'Indian vegetables' with interesting nutritional facts, tips on how to store and cook, and all that stuff